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FIDIC合同全文翻译与条文理解系列(26)—— 4.2 Performance security 履约担保

by 邵工——建筑结构工程师 Structural Engineer |2017年7月15日 | FIDIC合同, 一带一路
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4.2 Performance security 履约担保

 

The Contractor shall obtain (at his cost) a Performance Security for proper performance, in the amount and currencies stated in the Particular Conditions if an amount is not stated in the Particular Conditions, this Sub-Clause shall not apply.
承包商应对严格履约(自费)取得履约担保,保证金额与币种应符合专用条件中的规定。专用条件中没有提出保证金额的,本款应不适用。

The Contractor shall deliver the Performance Security to the Employer within 28 days after both Parties have signed the Contract Agreement. The Performance Security shall be issued by an entity and from within a country (or other jurisdiction) approved by the Employer, and shall be in the form annexed to the Particular Conditions or in another form approved by the Employer.
承包商应在双方签署合同协议书后 28 天内,将履约担保交给雇主。履约担保应由雇主批准的国家(或其他司法管辖区)内的实体提供,并采用专用条件所附格式或采用雇主批准的其他格式。

The Contractor shall ensure that the Performance Security is valid and enforceable until the Contractor has executed and completed the Works and remedied any defects. If the terms of the Performance Security specify its expiry date, and the Contractor has not become entitled to receive the Performance Certificate by the date 28 days prior to the expiry date, the Contractor shall extend the validity of the Performance Security until the Works have been completed and any defects have been remedied.
承包商应确保履约担保直到其完成工程的施工、竣工和修补完任何缺陷前持续有效和可执行。如果在履约担保的条款中规定了其期满日期,而承包商在该期满日期 28 天前尚无权拿到履约证书,承包商应将履约担保的有效期延至工程竣工和修补完任何缺陷时为止。

The Employer shall not make a claim under the Performance Security, except for amounts to which the Employer is entitled under the Contract in the event of:

除出现以下情况雇主根据合同有权获得的金额外,雇主不应根据履约担保提出索赔:

(a) failure by the Contractor to extend the validity of the Performance Security as described in the preceding paragraph, in which event the Employer may claim the full amount of the Performance Security,
承包商未能按前一段所述延长履约担保的有效期,这时雇主可以索赔履约担保的全部金额;

(b) failure by the Contractor to pay the Employer an amount due, as either agreed by the Contractor or determined under Sub-clause 2.5 [Employer's Claims] or Clause 20 [Claims, Disputes and Arbitration], within 42 days after this agreement or determination,
承包商未能在商定或确定后 42 天内,将承包商同意的,或根据第 2.5 款[雇主的索赔]或第 20条[索赔、争端和仲裁]的规定确定的承包商应付金额付给雇主;

(c) failure by the Contractor to remedy a default within 42 days after receiving the Employer's notice requiring the default to be remedied, or

承包商未能在收到雇主要求纠正违约的通知后 42 天内进行纠正;或

(d)circumstances which entitle the Employer to termination under Sub-Clause 15.2 [Termination by Employer], irrespective of whether notice of termination has been given.
根据第 15.2 款[由雇主终止]的规定,雇主有权终止的情况,不管是否已发出终止通知。

The Employer shall indemnify and hold the Contractor harmless against and from all damages, losses and expenses (including legal fees and expenses) resulting from a claim under the Performance Security to the extent to which the Employer was not entitled to make the claim.
雇主应保障并保持承包商免受因雇主根据履约担保提出的超出雇主有权索赔范围的索赔引起的所有损害赔偿费、损失和开支(包括法律费用和开支)的伤害。

The Employer shall return the Performance Security to the Contractor within 21 days after the Contractor has become entitled to receive the Performance Certificate.
雇主应在承包商有权获得履约证书后 21 天内,将履约担保退还承包商。

解读:

履约担保相关事项我在第1.1.6.6款中已经做了一些说明。这里只补充说明一下发包人对履约保函的格式要求。履约保函FIDIC合同附件中有一个推荐的“标准格式”,但一般雇主都不会用这样一个四平八稳的保函格式。保函的目的是保证承包商的履约能力,所以雇主当然有理由要求把保函条件设置得更严格,以获得更大的保证能力。这种合同义务上的要求并不过分。

与FIDIC标准格式相比,雇主格式的保函会在以下方面提高标准:

    1) 接保即付。即,FIDIC推荐格式中要求雇主提供违约说明的部分取消。通常要求银行只要接到雇主通知,马上支付。

    2) 任何承包商关于雇主保函的质疑,都不得获得银行任何形式的支持。

    3) 合同的任何行为及不合法规定,都不能解除保函义务。

履约保函的保证金额会达到合同金额的15%左右,所以银行如果提出“等额抵押”来做保函业务,那承包商要亏死了。银行保函形式在国内工程的应用面必将大增,现在还没有与银行开展相关保函业务的工程承包公司,应该注意这方面的工作了。

邵工——建筑结构工程师 Structural Engineer

建筑一网(www.jianzhu1.com)是一群同济大学毕业建筑和土木相关专业毕业的研究生和博士组成的技术团体。我们自2011年始即开始从事结构设计和研究工作, 积累了大量的研究成果和创新技术,并整理了对中国规范、FIDIC合同、欧洲规范和美国规范的总结笔记。此外, 团队还在结构产品领域有所研究,并推出了超薄夹层、板桁架、无檩网架、装配式厂房和装配式酒店等相关装配式产品。

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邵工——建筑结构工程师 Structural Engineer

建筑一网(www.jianzhu1.com)是一群同济大学毕业建筑和土木相关专业毕业的研究生和博士组成的技术团体。我们自2011年始即开始从事结构设计和研究工作, 积累了大量的研究成果和创新技术,并整理了对中国规范、FIDIC合同、欧洲规范和美国规范的总结笔记。此外, 团队还在结构产品领域有所研究,并推出了超薄夹层、板桁架、无檩网架、装配式厂房和装配式酒店等相关装配式产品。

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