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FIDIC条款——承包商的一般义务

by 邵工——建筑结构工程师 Structural Engineer |2017年7月9日 | FIDIC合同, 一带一路
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一、承包商的一般义务

1FIDIC合同条件第4.1款原文

4.1 承包商的一般义务

4.1 Contractor's General Obligations

承包商应按照合同的规定以及工程师的指示(在合同规定的范围内)对工程进行设计、施工和竣工,并修补其任何缺陷。

The Contractor shall design (to the extent specified in the Contract),) execute and complete the Works in accordance with the Contract and with the Engineer's instructions, and shall remedy any defects in the Works.

承包商应为工程的设计、施工、竣工以及修补缺陷提供所需的临时性或永久性的永久设备、合同中注明的承包商的文件、所有承包商的人员、货物、消耗品以及其他物品或服务。

The Contractor shall provide the Plant and Contractor's documents specified in the Contract, and all Contractor's Personnel, Goods, consumables and other things and services, whether of a temporary or permanent nature, required in and for this design, execution, completion and remedying of defects.

承包商应对所有现场作业和施工方法的完备性、稳定性和安全性负责。除合同中规定的范围,承包商(i)应对所有承包商的文件、临时工程和按照合同规定对每项永久设备和材料的所做的设计负责;以及(ii)但对永久工程的设计或规范不负责任。

The Contractor shall be responsible for the adequacy, stability and safety of all Site operations and of all methods of construction. Except to the extent specified in the Contract, the Contractor (i) shall be responsible for all Contractor's documents, Temporary Works, and such design of each item of Plant and Materials as is required for the item to be in accordance with the Contract, and (ii) shall not otherwise be responsible for the design or specification of the Permanent Works.

在工程师的要求下,承包商应提交为实施工程拟采用的方法以及所作安排的详细说明。在事先未通知工程师的情况下,不得对此类安排和方法进行重大修改。

The Contractor shall, whenever required by the Engineer, submit details of the arrangements and methods which the Contractor proposes to adopt for the execution of the Works. No significant alteration to these arrangements and methods shall be made without this having previously been notified to the Engineer.

如果合同中明确规定由承包商设计部分永久工程,除非专用条件中另有规定,否则:

If the Contract specifies that the Contractor shall design any part of the Permanent Works, then unless otherwise stated in the Particular Conditions:

(a) 承包商应按照合同中说明的程序向工程师提交该部分工程的承包商的文件;

(a) the Contractor shall submit to the Engineer the Contractor's documents for this part in accordance with the procedures specified in the Contract;

(b) 承包商的文件必须符合规范和图纸,并使用第1.4款【法律和语言】规定的交流语言,还应包括工程师要求的为统一各方设计而应加入图纸中的附加信息;

(b) these Contractor's documents shall be in accordance with the Specification and Drawings, shall be written in the language for communications defined in Sub-Clause 1.4 [Law and Language], and shall include additional information required by the Engineer to add to the, Drawings for co-ordination of each Party's designs;

(c) 承包商应对该部分工程负责,并且该部分工程完工后应适合于合同中规定的工程的预期目的;以及

(c) the Contractor shall be responsible for this part and it shall, when the Works are completed, be fit for such purposes for which the part is intended as are specified in the Contract; and

(d) 在开始竣工检验之前,承包商应按照规范规定向工程师提交竣工文件以及操作和维修手册,且应足够详细,以使雇主能够操作、维修、拆卸、重新安装、调整和修理该部分工程。在将此类文件和手册提交工程师之前,依据第10.1款【对工程和区段的接收】的规定,不得认为为接收之目的该部分工程业已完成。

(d) prior to the commencement of the Tests on Completion, the Contractor shall submit to the Engineer the "as-built" documents and operation and maintenance manuals in accordance with the Specification and in sufficient detail for the Employer to operate, maintain, dismantle, reassemble, adjust and repair this part of the Works. Such part shall not be considered to be completed for the purposes of taking-over under Sub-Clause 10.1 [Taking Over of the Works and Sections] until these documents and manuals have been submitted to the Engineer.

2FIDIC合同条件第4.1款解读

根据FIDIC合同条件第4.1款的规定,承包商的一般义务包括:

1)承包商的主要合同义务(三项):根据合同(第1.1.1.1款包括图纸、规范)或者承包商的指示,设计(如有);完成工程施工;修复缺陷。在我国法以及建设工程施工合同示范文本中,工程竣工验收以后的缺陷修复不再属于合同义务,而是属于“后合同义务”。

2)第4.1款第二段相当于承包商完成主要合同任务所需的“人、机、料、法、环”等。

3)承包商的责任范围:承包商应对所有现场作业和施工方法的完备性、稳定性和安全性负责。除另有约定外,对所有承包商的文件、临时工程和按照合同规定对每项永久设备和材料的所做的设计负责;但对永久工程的设计或规范不负责任。

4)工艺要求。按工程师的要求提报施工安排和工艺的细节;未经通知工程师,不得对施工安排和工艺作重大修改。

5)承包商设计永久工程的特别要求。

邵工——建筑结构工程师 Structural Engineer

建筑一网(www.jianzhu1.com)是一群同济大学毕业建筑和土木相关专业毕业的研究生和博士组成的技术团体。我们自2011年始即开始从事结构设计和研究工作, 积累了大量的研究成果和创新技术,并整理了对中国规范、FIDIC合同、欧洲规范和美国规范的总结笔记。此外, 团队还在结构产品领域有所研究,并推出了超薄夹层、板桁架、无檩网架、装配式厂房和装配式酒店等相关装配式产品。

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邵工——建筑结构工程师 Structural Engineer

建筑一网(www.jianzhu1.com)是一群同济大学毕业建筑和土木相关专业毕业的研究生和博士组成的技术团体。我们自2011年始即开始从事结构设计和研究工作, 积累了大量的研究成果和创新技术,并整理了对中国规范、FIDIC合同、欧洲规范和美国规范的总结笔记。此外, 团队还在结构产品领域有所研究,并推出了超薄夹层、板桁架、无檩网架、装配式厂房和装配式酒店等相关装配式产品。

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